During general anesthesia, our patients are hooked up to a high tech monitor that continually measures heart rate, respiratory rate, oxygenation level and blood pressure. In turn, this machine is monitored by our registered veterinary technician, Annisa, who also checks capillary refill time. We place your pet on a heated blanket to maintain body temperature, especially important in the very young, the very old and the very thin.
In middle-age and older pets, we strongly recommend intravenous fluids, first to give us an IV access should a critical situation arise and second to support kidney and cardiac function in an older fasted animal. Anesthetic emergencies can occur but with close monitoring most can be prevented before they happen.
Here at Mono Veterinary Clinic our standard general anesthetic protocol includes sedation with a cocktail that varies depending on age, health status and procedure to be done. Sedation is given either intramuscularly, under the skin or intravenously again depending on the desired effects. Induction is usually done with an intravenous injection.
Occasionally we may induce a pet with only a gas anesthetic. After the pet is unconscious, we insert a breathing tube and hook them up to a gas anesthetic machine that delivers oxygen along with the anesthetic agent. This keeps the animal anesthetized safely for as long as the procedure takes. We also hook the pet up to a monitor that measures oxygenation levels, blood pressure and heart rate.