This little Shih Tzu was passing pure blood and very little at that. Here we are in surgery with the bladder incised and removing the first of 12 uroliths.
Urinary calculi are stone-like objects that fom in the urinary system. The most common location for formation of these “stones” is the urinary bladder. The kidneys are the next most common location for stone formation. The most common bladder stones form only in the presence of a urinary tract infection. Some dogs do not show any signs during the early stage of stone formation, while others show frequent urination of small quantities of urine, straining to urinate, and blood in the urine. As the condition progresses, signs usually intensify. Some pets may become unable to urinate.
In male dogs, small bladder stones may exit the bladder and become lodged in the urethra, blocking the passage of urine. Stones most frequently lodge in the portion of the urethra located at the base of the penis. Urinary blockage is a medical emergency.
Treatment of urinary calculi consists of removal of the stones, either by dissolving them through feeding of a special diet or with surgery, and treatment of any infection. After treatment, normal urinary tract health must be maintained to prevent recurrence and this is primarily by feeding the correct prescription diet.
Except for a few small stones not picture, this is the sum of what was in that dog’s bladder. Poor girl!